Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums are a very common phenomenon, attributable to a variety of causes, and are therefore often ignored. When it is chronic, however, it should be a cause for alarm and a visit to the dentist.


Gum bleeding varies in intensity, frequency and duration. There are therefore different types of gum bleeding, of varying degrees of concern.

Recurrent or chronic bleeding

Recurrent (or chronic) gum bleeding is most often the result of bacterial gingivitis. It is a condition very frequently encountered by the general population, caused by inflammation of the gums (gingivitis).

Temporary bleeding

Acute gum bleeding is occasional and temporary. it is most often caused by a mechanical problem: aggressive brushing, burning or hard food, etc. There is no associated periodontal disease and the bleeding disappears quickly.

The different causes of chronic gum bleeding

The most common cause of gum bleeding is bacterial inflammation, sometimes due to plaque build-up. Gum bleeding can be caused by a variety of oral and dental conditions.

Gingivitis and bleeding

Gingivitis occurs when the gums become infected. the gums are red, swollen and prone to bleeding. This is a common bacterial infection that needs to be treated quickly to avoid complications.

Periodontitis and bleeding

Gingival bleeding associated with untreated gingivitis can also be a sign of periodontitis. this infection affects the tissues supporting the teeth and can lead to loosening and loss of teeth. A periodontist is then required.

Mouth ulcers and bleeding

Mouth ulcers, better known as “canker sores”, are sores on the surface of the mucous membrane of the mouth. annoying and often painful, they can cause bleeding.

Other factors in gingival haemorrhage

Gingival bleeding can also be caused by a variety of conditions, including

  • Coagulation disorders;
  • Platelet disorders;
  • Diabetes;
  • Cancer;
  • Hormonal imbalance;
  • Mercury poisoning.

how can bleeding gums be reduced ?

At clinique dentaire sana oris, we opt for a comprehensive periodontal approach that not only treats the bleeding and therefore the infection, but also prevents any recurrence.

We therefore stress the importance of an annual periodontal check-up, to avoid waiting for gingival bleeding to appear before treating any associated periodontal pathology.

The treatment of bleeding gums is based on an initial multi-stage consultation to establish a diagnosis.

  • The interview phase enables us to find out about your history, habits and risk factors;
  • A clinical examination of your mouth and gums, both aesthetically and functionally, including any prostheses and implants that may be present, occlusion, areas of bleeding and suppuration, breath, tartar, dental migrations, gingival loosening and recession, and assessment of dental mobility;
  • Microscopic examination of dental plaque, which will be examined and interpreted immediately to identify any pathogenic bacteria;
  • If periodontal disease is diagnosed, a report will be provided to inform you about the treatment and its cost.

If the bleeding from the gums is actually linked to a gum infection, the dental surgeon treating you will carry out the following procedures:

  • Professional cleaning and polishing of dental surfaces to remove supra-gingival tartar, smooth dental surfaces and clean stains without scratching enamel;
  • Laser-assisted low-frequency sonic scaling-surfacing. The aim is to remove tartar and residue accumulated under the gums, which can cause bleeding.
  • Strengthening of enamel by direct administration of concentrated fluoride to the teeth;
  • Development of a personalised prevention and daily hygiene programme to maintain dental capital and the benefits of the treatment.

Following treatment, gum bleeding can be prevented by :

  • Frequent brushing of all areas of the teeth
  • Flossing your teeth
  • Consulting your dentist regularly
  • Avoiding the factors that cause bleeding: smoking, alcohol, eating certain foods, etc.

If gum bleeding is not caused by a periodontal disease, you should consult the specialists responsible for each condition.


Treatment of bleeding gums offers different results depending on the cause of the bleeding. The holistic care you receive at our clinic, from periodontal check-ups to regular check-ups and the various stages of treatment, helps to reduce bleeding in the long term.

Good oral hygiene, in the case of bleeding caused by tartar build-up, also helps to stop gingival bleeding.

Our team offers you the skills of its exclusive periodontics dentists, in particular Dr Kohen, a pioneer in exclusive periodontics. The personalised treatment we offer will help you deal with your gum bleeding problems.


Depending on the condition being treated and the intervention required, your practitioner and his team will give you a price list following an initial consultation and periodontal check-up.

Do you have a question ?

Would you like more information or would you like to make an appointment?
Ask your question to the surgeons at Clinique dentaire Sana Oris or make an appointment.